Docker运行WordPress通过Nginx反向代理开启HTTPS绑定域名

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2021-10-12 运维 阅读量 692

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本文使用docker-compose运行wordpress,使用已有的mysql数据库,外部的nginx开启https反向代理到wordpress。如果你的域名还没有备案请先去备案。

编写启动文件

编写wordpress.yml,然后执行 docker-compose -f wordpress.yml up -d 启动容器

172.18.0.1:3308是我自己的mysql地址

version: "3" services: wordpress: image: wordpress:latest ports: - "8000:80" restart: always volumes: - /opt/wordpress:/var/www/html environment: - WORDPRESS_DB_HOST=172.18.0.1:3308 - WORDPRESS_DB_USER=wordpress - WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD=wordpress

如果你之前没有现成的mysql数据库,可以按照官网的教程编写配置文件

version: '3.1' services: wordpress: image: wordpress restart: always ports: - 8080:80 environment: WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db WORDPRESS_DB_USER: wordpress WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: wordpress WORDPRESS_DB_NAME: wordpress volumes: - /opt/wordpress:/var/www/html db: image: mysql:5.7 restart: always environment: MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress MYSQL_USER: wordpress MYSQL_PASSWORD: wordpress MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD: '1' volumes: - /opt/mysql:/var/lib/mysql

这里需要去wordpress后台配置地址,修改为我们最后带域名的地址。
访问 ip:8000/wp-admin
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配置Nginx

这里使用nginx开启https并反向代理到worpress,如果没有安装nginx,请先安装nginx。HTTPS证书可以去阿里云申请免费的SSL证书,这里的坑比较多,请注意仔细看配置文件。
我们的案例域名是aispider.cc,我们把域名全部重定向到 https://www.aispider.cc
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

server { listen 80; server_name aispider.cc; location / { if ($host !~* ^www) { set $name_www www.$host; rewrite ^(.*) https://$name_www$1 permanent; } rewrite ^(.*) https://$host$1 permanent; } } server { listen 80; server_name www.aispider.cc; rewrite ^(.*) https://$host$1 permanent; } server { listen 443 ssl http2 default_server; server_name www.aispider.cc; ssl_certificate "/opt/cer/aispider.cc.pem"; ssl_certificate_key "/opt/cer/aispider.cc.key"; ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m; ssl_session_timeout 10m; ssl_ciphers PROFILE=SYSTEM; ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; location / { if ($host !~* ^www) { set $name_www www.$host; rewrite ^(.*) https://$name_www$1 permanent; } proxy_pass http://localhost:8000; proxy_redirect off; proxy_set_header Host $host; proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $server_name; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https; proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade; proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade"; proxy_read_timeout 86400; } }

修改wordpress配置文件

如果直接代理过去,会有很多问题,比如循环重定向转发,js、css等资源走的是http请求,地址重定向为localhost,我也是踩了很多坑才配置好。

修改/opt/wordpress/wp-config.php,这个是docker容器挂载的卷,增加如下内容
vi /opt/wordpress/wp-config.php

define('FORCE_SSL_ADMIN', true); if (strpos($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO'], 'https') !== false){ $_SERVER['HTTPS'] = 'on'; $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] = 443; } if (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_HOST'])) { $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'] = $_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_HOST']; } define('WP_HOME','https://www.aispider.cc/'); define('WP_SITEURL','https://www.aispider.cc/');

修改后最好重启一下容器,docker-compose -f wordpress.yml restart

最后访问配置好的地址 https://www.aispider.cc/

我这里用的主题是 RK blogger ,如果喜欢,自行百度去下载安装。一定要记得修改主题配置底部备案信息的展示。

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